GMDC was incorporated in the year 1963 to develop major mineral resources in the state and commenced with a small silica sand quarrying plant near Thangadh to crush and screen the silica required for glass manufacturing.
Bauxite mining were commssioned as a scarcity work initiallly during 1964 at Kutch which was later expanded to six operating mines that produced refractory grade bauxite which was also suitable to metallurgical purposes.
In 1971, a beneficiation plant was commissioned to process 500 M.T of fluorspar ore and to produce calcium fluoride used for the maufacture of Hydro-fluoric acid and as flux in metallurgical industries. A captive mine at Ambadungar was established also to feed the plant.
The availability of lignite in the state was established which gave an oppurtunity for the Corporation to develop its first lignite mine at Panandhro in Kutch in the year 1976. The textile and processing houses benefitted in using the fuel which is competetive compared to coal.
A small pilot plant with a capacity to process 50 tons of multi-metal ore containing copper-lead and zinc was established at Ambaji in the year 1980. A captive mine was established and developed to supply to the plant at that time with a total metal content of about 10%.
A small lignite mine was also opened at Rajpardi in Bharuch in the year 1983 to cater to the industries located in south gujarat.
To develop the first lignite mine with advanced technological mining methods, the Corporation went ahead with the expansion plans by deploying continuous mines systems of Bucket Wheel Excavators at a total cost of 100 crores in the year 1988-89.
As a value addition to bauxite mining, the Corporation commissioned in 1992 a calcination plant at Gadhsisha in Kutch with a capacity to produce 50000 tons of calcined bauxite which is a major raw material for refractory products.
To mainly use the Kutch lignite resources, the Corporation established a 250 (125 X 2) MW thermal power plant at Nani-Chher in Kutch with circulating the fluidised bed cumbustion technology (CFBC). The units were commissioned in 1996 with an investment of about 1400 Crores.
To bring in efficiency and profitability in all areas of its working, the government of Gujarat being the sole owner dis-invested 26% of its stake and the Corporation became a listed entity (BSE&NSE) in the Corporate world in the year 1999 and is occupying a position within the top fortune 500 companies in our country with an annual turnover surpassing 1000 Crores with considerable annual growth rate.
A Corporate office at Ahmedabad with an eight storied building was constructed to house all the departments and occupied the building in the year 2002.
A small lignite mine at Tadkeshwar in Surat district was also established during 2005-6 to cater to the industries located in south Gujarat.
The Government of Gujarat mandated the Corporation to develop the Manganese resources near Shivarajpur in Panchmahals. Hence a small project to handle the manganese waste was established in 2006-7. Simultaneously survey, exploration activities were initiated so as to develop a full fledged mine cater to the need of the metallurgical industry.
A lignite mine near Bhavnagar was established 2008-09 for the fuel supply to industries located the saurashtra region. By developing various lignite mines in the State, the Corporation became the largest merchant seller of lignite in the country.
The Corporation also went into harnessing the wind energy and commssioned 19.5 MW wind turbines near Malya in Kutch in the later part of 2009 which will be expanded further to the tune of 100 MW in various stages of implementation.
The Corporation first implemented ISO-9001 at Corporate office in 2010 and is planning to obtain for all the mines in operation with Occupational Health and Safety systems(OHS-18000) along with Environmental Management systems(ISO-14000) which are intended for achieving excellence in all areas where its people and stake holders are connected.
The Corporation also embarked on a sophisticated Enterprise Resource Planning system in 2010 covering the whole ambit of mining operations throughout Gujarat to achieve efficiency and complete the tasks in time with the minimum resources required.