Andhra Pradesh (English: Telugu: [ãːndʱrʌ prʌdeːɕ] listen ) is a state in the south-eastern coastal region of India It is the seventh-largest state by area covering an area of 162,975 km2 (62,925 sq mi) and tenth-most populous state with 49,386,799 inhabitants It is bordered by Telangana to the north-west, Chhattisgarh to the north, Odisha to the north-east, Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east It has the second longest coastline in India after Gujarat, of about 974 km (605 mi) Andhra Pradesh is the first state to be formed on a linguistic basis in India on 1 October 1953.
Andhra Pradesh was once a major Buddhist pilgrimage site in India and a Buddhist learning center which can be seen in many sites in the state in the form of ruins, chaityas and stupas Andhra Pradesh is also known as the land of the world-famous diamond Koh-i-Noor and many other global known diamonds due to their presence in its Kollur Mine once It is also known as the "rice bowl of India" for being a major producer of rice in India Its official language is Telugu; one of the classical languages of India, the fourth most spoken language in India and the 11th-most spoken language in the worldEarly inhabitants were known as the Andhras, tracing their history to the Vedic period when they were mentioned in the 8th century BCE Rigvedic text Aitareya Brahmana According to the Aitareya Brahmana, the Andhras left North India from the banks of river Yamuna and migrated to South India.
The Assaka Mahajanapada (700–300 BCE) was an ancient kingdom located between the Godavari and Krishna Rivers in southeastern India accounts that people in the region are descended from the Viswamitra are found in the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the Puranas The region also derives its name from Satavahanas who are also known as Andhras, the earliest kings of Andhra Pradesh and India Early peoples supported local art culture by building temples and sculptures of the Buddhist monuments in the state It was ruled by Satavahanas, Eastern Chalukyas, Andhra Ikshvakus, Vijayanagara Empire, Mauryan Empire, Cholas, Pallavas, Salankayanas, Vishnukundinas, Kakatiyas and Rashtrakutas In the 3rd century BCE, Andhra was a vassal kingdom of Ashoka but after his death Andhra became powerful and extended its empire to the whole of Maratha country and beyond.
Andhra Pradesh comprises two major regions, namely Rayalaseema in the south-west and Coastal Andhra bordering the Bay of Bengal in the east and north-east The state has a total of thirteen districts, nine located in Coastal Andhra and four in Rayalaseema The state also has a union territory, Yanam - a district of Puducherry which lies to the south of Kakinada in the Godavari delta on the eastern side of the state It is the only state with three capitals The largest city and commercial hub of the state, Visakhapatnam being the executive capital while Amaravati and Kurnool serve as legislative and judicial capitals respectively.
The Economy of Andhra Pradesh is the seventh-largest state economy in India with ₹933 trillion (US$130 billion) in gross domestic product and a higher than national average per capita GDP of ₹164,000 (US$2,300) Andhra Pradesh ranks 27th among Indian states in Human Development Index (HDI) Andhra Pradesh has a jurisdiction over almost 15,000 square kilometres (5,800 sq mi) of territorial watersAndhra Pradesh hosted 121.
8 million visitors in 2015, a 30% growth in tourist arrivals over the previous year, making it the third most-visited state in India The Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati is one of the world's most visited religious sites, with 1825 million visitors per year The region is also home to a variety of other pilgrimage centres, such as the Pancharama Kshetras, Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga and Kodanda Rama Temple The state's natural attractions include the beaches of Visakhapatnam, hill stations such as the Araku Valley and Horsley Hills, and the delta of Konaseema in the Godavari River delta.