Odisha (English: , Odia: [oɽiˈsaː] (listen)), formerly Orissa (), is an Indian state located in eastern India It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India It neighbors the states of West Bengal and Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and Andhra Pradesh to the south.
Odisha has a coastline of 485 kilometres (301 mi) along the Bay of Bengal The region is also known as Utkala and is mentioned in India's national anthem, "Jana Gana Mana" The language of Odisha is Odia, which is one of Classical Languages of IndiaThe ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka (which was again won back from them by king Kharavela) in 261 BCE resulting in the Kalinga War, coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha The modern boundaries of Odisha were demarcated by the British Indian government and the "Province of Orissa" was established on 1 April 1936, it consisted of Odia (Oriya) speaking districts.
The first of April is celebrated as Utkala Dibasa Cuttack was made the capital of the region by Anantavarman Chodaganga in c 1135, after which the city was used as the capital by many rulers, through the British era until 1948 Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of OdishaThe economy of Odisha is the 16th-largest state economy in India with ₹5.
33 lakh crore (US$75 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹116,614 (US$1,600)
Odisha ranks 23rd among Indian states in human development index